A voting agreement is an agreement between shareholders to choose their shares in a certain way. Instead of delegating voting power to a third party, as is the case with an agent, each shareholder commits, in a voting contract, to respect the agreement. If the contract is effectively executed, any party may sue for the practical performance of the contract if another party refuses to comply with the contract. If an action is successful, the court orders the parties to vote on the shares in accordance with the voting agreement. Unlike proxy limited companies, voting agreements may apply for any length of time and should not be submitted to the company. According to Section 7.31 of the RMBCA, a voting contract is valid if three conditions are met: the most common types of shareholder agreements are: there are several reasons why shareholders wish to enter into a voting agreement. Voting confidence must be understood as a group of shareholders who agrees to delegate the voting rights of its shares to a third party known as the trustee of the voting trust. Voting Trusts are written agreements in which shareholders transfer their shares to a trust in exchange for interest on the trust`s income. Typically, a group of shareholders transfers their shares to the Trust in exchange for a share in the trust`s income, proportional to the number of shares in each transfer. As its interest in the trust is proportional to the interest of its shares, the financial share of each party (i.e. the amount each shareholder receives from dividends) remains unchanged.
The agent is entitled to choose the shares and distribute the trust`s proceeds. Often, the agent also receives instructions on how to choose the trust`s shares. For example, the agent may be responsible for “choosing the shares of the trust for the benefit of a member of the Smith family to become a director of the business if at least one member of the Smith family tries to become a director.” In general, the trust`s only proceeds are dividends paid to the shares. In accordance with Section 7.30 of the RMBCA, five elements must be put in place for an agent to be effective: B. Unless otherwise stated in the voting treaty, a voting contract created under this section is explicitly enforceable.” [A.R.S. 10-731] Voting rights are similar to proxy voting, in the sense that shareholders nominate someone else to vote for it. But trusts that have the right to vote do not function as a substitute. While the proxy is a temporary or single agreement, often created for a particular vote, the right to vote is generally more permanent to give more power than group to a block of voters – or even control of the company, which is not necessarily the case with proxy voting. Details of a voting agreement, including timing and specific rights, are included in an application to the SEC.